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Species
Agapornis roseicollis - Peach-faced lovebird (1) Alipiopsitta xanthops - Yellow-faced Parrot (1) Alisterus amboinensis - Moluccan King Parrot (1) Alisterus scapularis - Australian King Parrot (3) Amazona aestiva - Blue-fronted Amazon (12) Amazona agilis - Black-billed Parrot (4) Amazona albifrons - White-fronted Amazon (6) Amazona amazonica - Orange-winged Amazon (5) Amazona arausiaca - Red-necked Parrot (1) Amazona auropalliata - Yellow-naped amazon (3) Amazona autumnalis - Red-lored Amazon (7) Amazona barbadensis - Yellow-shouldered amazon (5) Amazona brasiliensis - Red-tailed Amazon (1) Amazona collaria - Yellow-billed Parrot (5) Amazona farinosa - Mealy Amazon (1) Amazona festiva - Festive Parrots (1) Amazona finschi - Lilac crowned Amazon (11) Amazona guildingii - St. Vincent Amazon (6) Amazona imperialis - Imperial Amazon (1) Amazona l. bahamensis - Bahama Parrot (5) Amazona l. caymanensis - Grand Cayman Parrot (4) Amazona l. hesterna - Cayman Brac Parrot (4) Amazona lilacina - Ecuador Amazon (4) Amazona ochrocephala - Yellow-crowned Amazon (3) Amazona oratrix - Yellow-headed Amazon (21) Amazona rhodocorytha - Red-browed Amazon (2) Amazona tucumana - Tucumán Amazon (1) Amazona ventralis - Hispaniola Parrots (2) Amazona versicolor - Saint Lucia Amazon (1) Amazona vinacea - Vinaceous-breasted Amazon (3) Amazona viridigenalis - Red-crowned Amazon (27) Amazona vittata - Puerto Rican Amazon (14) Amazona xantholora - Yellow-lored Amazon (1) Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus - Hyacinth Macaw (5) Anodorhynchus leari - Lear's Macaw (3) Ara ambiguus - Great Green Macaw (8) Ara ararauna - Blue-and-Gold Macaw (30) Ara ararauna - Blue-and-Gold Macaw (9) Ara chloropterus- Green-winged macaw (10) Ara glaucogularis - Blue-throated Macaw (8) Ara macao - Scarlet Macaw (37) Ara militaris - Military Macaw (7) Ara rubrogenys - Red-fronted macaw (1) Aratinga acuticaudata - Blue-crowned Parakeet (4) Aratinga auricapillus - Gold-capped conure (1) Aratinga canicularis - Orange-fronted Parakeet (6) Aratinga erythrogenys - Red-masked Parakeet (13) Aratinga holochlora - Green Parakeet (7) Aratinga jandaya - Jenday conure (3) Aratinga leucophthalma - White-eyed Parakeet (1) Aratinga mitrata -Mitred Parakeet (12) Aratinga nana - Olive-throated Parakeet (1) Aratinga pertinax - Brown-throated Parakeet (1) Aratinga solstitialis - Sun Conure (2) Aratinga strenua - Pacific Parakeet (1) Aratinga wagleri - Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (1) Barnardius zonarius - Australian Ringneck (1) Bolborhynchus lineola - Barred Parakeet (1) Brotogeris chiriri - Yellow-chevroned parakeet (3) Brotogeris jugularis - Orange-chinned Parakeet (2) Brotogeris pyrrhoptera - Grey-cheeked Parakeet (2) Brotogeris versicolurus - White-winged Parakeet (1) Cacatua alba - Umbrella Cockatoo (8) Cacatua ducorpsii - Solomons Cockatoo (1) Cacatua galerita - Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (47) Cacatua goffiniana - Tanimbar Corella (7) Cacatua haematuropygia - Philippine Cockatoo (8) Cacatua leadbeateri - Major Mitchell's Cockatoo (4) Cacatua moluccensis - Salmon-crested Cockatoo (10) Cacatua ophthalmica - Blue-eyed Cockatoo (1) Cacatua p. pastinator - Muir's Corella (6) Cacatua pastinator - Western Corella (5) Cacatua sanguinea - Little Corella (42) Cacatua sulphurea - Lesser Sulphur Crested Cockatoo (12) Cacatua tenuirostris - Long-billed Corella (10) Callocephalon fimbriatum - Gang-gang Cockatoo (9) Calyptorhynchus banksii - Red-tailed Black Cockatoo (53) Calyptorhynchus baudinii - Baudin Cockatoo (37) Calyptorhynchus funereus - Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo (13) Calyptorhynchus lathami - Glossy Black Cockatoo (17) Calyptorhynchus latirostris - Carnaby's Cockatoo (92) Chalcopsitta cardinalis - Cardinal Lory (1) Charmosyna amabilis - Red-throated Lorikeet (1) Charmosyna diadema - Caledonian lorikeet (1) Charmosyna placentis - Red-flanked lorikeet (1) Conuropsis carolinensis - Carolina Parakeet (5) Coracopsis n. barklyi - Seychelles Black Parrot (2) Cyanoliseus patagonus - Burrowing Parrot (5) Cyanopsitta spixii - Spix's Macaw (10) Cyanoramphus auriceps - Yellow-crowned Kakariki (1) Cyanoramphus cookii - Norfolk Parakeet (1) Cyanoramphus malherbi - Orange-fronted parakeet (12) Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae - Red-crowned Kakariki (15) Cyanoramphus ulietanus - Society parakeet (1) Cyanoramphus unicolor - Antipodes Island Parakeet (3) Cyanoramphus zealandicus - Black-fronted parakeets (1) Deroptyus accipitrinus - Hawk-headed parrot (1) Diopsittaca nobilis - Red-shouldered macaw (1) Eclectus roratus - Eclectus Parrot (10) Enicognathus leptorhynchus - Slender-billed parakeet (1) Eolophus roseicapilla - Galah (19) Eos squamata - Violet-necked Lory (2) Forpus coelestis - Pacific Parrotlet (1) Forpus conspicillatus - Spectacled Parrotlet (1) Forpus cyanopygius - Mexican Parrotlet (1) Forpus passerinus - Green-rumped Parrotlet (2) Geoffroyus geoffroyi - Red-cheeked Parrot (1) Glossopsitta porphyrocephala - Purple-crowned Lorikeet (1) Graydidascalus brachyurus - Short-tailed Parrot (1) Guaruba guaruba - Golden conure (2) Hapalopsittaca fuertesi - Fuerte's parrot (2) Lathamus discolor - Swift Parrot (19) Leptosittaca branickii - Golden-plumed Parakeet (2) Loriculus vernalis - Vernal Hanging Parrot (1) Lorius chlorocercus - Yellow-bibbed Lory (1) Lorius domicella - Black-capped Lory (1) Lorius domicella - Purple-naped Lory (2) Lorius garrulus - Chattering Lory (5) Lorius lorry - black-capped Lories (1) Melopsittacus undulatus - Budgerigar (25) Micropsitta keiensis - Yellow-capped pygmy parrot (1) Micropsitta pusio - Buff-faced pygmy parrot (1) Myiopsitta monachus - Monk Parakeet (86) Nandayus nenday - Black-hooded Parakeet (4) Neophema chrysogaster - Orange-bellied Parrot (39) Neophema petrophila - Rock Parrot (1) Neophema pulchella - Turquoise parakeet (1) Nestor meridionalis - Kaka (23) Nestor notabilis - Kea (44) Nestor productus - Norfolk Island Kaka (1) Northiella haematogaster - Blue bonnet Parrot (1) Nymphicus hollandicus - Cockatiel (7) Ognorhynchus icterotis - Yellow-eared Parrot (5) Orthopsittaca manilata - Red-bellied macaw (1) Pezoporus flaviventris - Western Ground Parrot (13) Pezoporus occidentalis - Night Parrot (10) Pezoporus wallicus - Eastern ground parrot (2) Pezoporus wallicus - Eastern ground parrot (1) Pionites melanocephalus - Black-headed Caique (1) Pionus menstruus - Blue-headed parrot (1) Pionus senilis - White-crowned Parrot (1) Platycercus elegans - Crimson Rosella (6) Platycercus eximius - Eastern Rosella (4) Poicephalus fuscicollis - Brown-necked Parrot (1) Poicephalus robustus - Cape Parrot (5) Poicephalus senegalus - Senegal Parrot (2) Polytelis alexandrae - Princess Parrot (4) Polytelis anthopeplus - Regent Parrot (7) Polytelis swainsonii- Superb Parrot (14) Primolius auricollis - Yellow-collared macaw (1) Probosciger aterrimus - Palm Cockatoo (4) Psephotus chrysopterygius - Golden-shouldered Parrot (3) Psittacella brehmii - Brehm's Tiger-parrot (1) Psittacula alexandri - Red-breasted Parakeet (1) Psittacula columboides - Malabar Parakeet (1) Psittacula cyanocephala - Plum-headed Parakeet (3) Psittacula derbiana - Derbyan Parakeet (4) Psittacula echo - Mauritius parakeet (3) Psittacula eupatria - Alexandrine Parakeet (18) Psittacula eupatria - Alexandrine Parakeet (4) Psittacula finschii - Grey-headed Parakeet (1) Psittacula himalayana - Slaty-headed Parakeet (1) Psittacula krameri - Ring-necked Parakeet (50) Psittacus erithacus - African Grey Parrot (45) Psittacus erithacus - African Grey Parrot (23) Psittrichas fulgidus - Pesquet's Parrot (1) Pyrrhura albipectus - White-breasted Parakeet (1) Pyrrhura caeruleiceps - Perijá Parakeet (2) Pyrrhura griseipectus - Grey-breasted Parakeet (1) Pyrrhura molinae - Green-cheeked Conure (1) Pyrrhura orcesi - El Oro Parakeet (3) Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha - Thick-billed Parrot (9) Strigops habroptilus - Kakapo (82) Tanygnathus lucionensis - Blue-naped Parrot (4) Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus - Scaly-breasted Lorikeet (1) Trichoglossus rubritorquis - Red-collared Lorikeet (2) Trichoglosus haematodus - Rainbow Lorikeets (13) Vini kuhlii - Kuhl's Lorikeet (1)
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Tuesday
Aug212012

PR parrot recovery gets new lift

The Puerto Rican parrot, Amazona vittata, was once abundant in Puerto RicoFederal and local agencies are sticking solidly behind a program to boost the population of endangered Puerto Rican parrots.

The Puerto Rican parrot, Amazona vittata, was once abundant in Puerto Rico, including the islands of Culebra, Vieques and Mona. This parrot is now one of the most endangered birds in the world and the last species of psittacine extant and native to the United States.

In pre-colonial times, there were an estimated 1 million of the birds spread across Puerto Rico. Intensive agriculture, particularly the massive clearing of forests for sugar cane, coffee and citrus, and a series of devastating hurricanes destroyed most of their prime habitat. By the late 1960s, they had disappeared from the entire island, except a few dozen in El Yunque, a mountainous tropical rain forest east of San Juan. In 1975, a census found just 13 birds left in the wild.

But a captive-breeding effort has been paying off.

During an interagency meeting this month, leaders from the Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources (DNER), the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) reaffirmed their commitment to the Puerto Rican Parrot Recovery Program, and their relationship as collaborators, by renewing a memorandum of understanding (MoU).

The agreement commits the agencies to complete major milestone targets as described in the Puerto Rican Parrot Recovery Plan. The MoU also describes the values and principles underpinning the collaboration. To facilitate mutual understanding and agreements, the MoU also includes a commitment from leaders at the executive level to meet every year and formally lays out a blueprint for the existing collaborative framework between managers and operational teams in all three agencies.

Under this agreement among the agencies, significant successes have been achieved, paving the way towards the recovery of the species.

The captive population occurs in two aviaries in eastern and west central Puerto Rico. During the 2012 breeding season that ended last week, both aviaries produced 71 chicks. The overall number of captive and wild birds is estimated to be close to 400 of which 58 to 80 are in the wild.

The consistent, periodic release of birds into the wild, while maintaining a captive flock for reproduction and saving some of the young for a third population has been a tremendous achievement. In January 2012, ten parrots were released into the Rio Abajo State Forest (Arecibo and Utuado) and seven into El Yunque National Forest (Río Grande). Later this year, two new breeding pairs will be reintroduced to El Yunque National Forest.

The consistent, periodic release of birds into the wild, while maintaining a captive flock for reproduction and saving some of the young for a third population has been a tremendous achievement.Since 2009, the team has saved some parrots to be released eventually at a third location in the island of Puerto Rico. At the present time, the agencies are in the planning stages for the development of a third population in the wild. Although a final location has not been decided, the preferred alternative continues to be the Maricao State Forest.The agencies are working with private landowners and other conservation partners in Yauco, Maricao and other areas, evaluating habitat conditions while promoting reforestation and other habitat restoration practices to promote forested habitat for wildlife, including the Puerto Rican parrot.

The interagency team is also gathering support from private organizations, NGO’s and college groups interested in implementing different aspects of the Puerto Rican Parrot Recovery Plan.

Under the previous MoU, great strides were made. The Iguaca Aviary was built, and both the Iguaca and the José L Vivaldi Aviary were fully equipped with state of the art technology that facilitated the highest production of parrots in the project’s history. Also, a second wild population was established in Puerto Rico, which has achieved 10 active nests since the first reintroduction of parrots in the Rio Abajo Forest in 2006.

The integration of the staff from all three agencies into a single working unit has been integral to attaining these goals. Also, having a single veterinarian attending at both aviaries, Dr. Antonio Rivera, has allowed access to consistent and equal care for all parrots regardless of location.

In moving forward with common long-term goals, the renewal of the MoU is expected to continue to build on past achievements by promoting the exchange of information among cooperators, minimizing duplication of conservation efforts and continue providing the resources, both human and financial, to support the continued implementation of Puerto Rican parrot recovery.

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